Urban communities around the world face increased stress from natural disasters linked to climate change, and other urban pressures. They need to grow rapidly stronger in order to cope, adapt and flourish. Strong social networks and social cohesion can be more important for a com munity's resilience than the actual physical structures of a city. But how can urban planning and design support these critical collective social strengths? This book offers blue sky thinking from the applied social and behavioural sciences, and urban planning. It looks at case studies from 14 countries around the world - including India, the USA, South Africa, Indonesia, the UK and New Zealand - focusing on initiatives for hous ing, public space and transport stops, and also natural disasters such as flooding and earthquakes. Building on these insights, the authors propose a 'gold standard': a socially aware planning process and policy recom mendation for those drawing up city sustainability and climate change resilience strategies, and urban developers looking to build climate-proof infrastructure and spaces This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of urban studies , resilience studies and climate change policy, as well as policy makers and practitioners working in related fields.
The city forms a crescent 4 kilometres long on the banks of the Garonne, providing a sweeping view of the gently-curving river and the sublime quaysides. In the morning, the sky is pink or blue; in the evening, copper or purple. At sunset, this is a breathtaking sight. The massive historic buildings form a striking violet-hued contrast to the splendour of the Atlantic clouds gilding the dull bluish-green waters of the river. At dusk, the outline of the city in contrejour, with its many bell towers and turrets, is a view worthy of Venice. The location has proved to be exceptionally auspicious from its earliest days. Ingeographical terms, Bordeaux was an obvious choice for a settlement, lying as it did at the convergence of major communication routes between Mediterranean and Atlantic, with a waterway that formed the final outpouring of the many rivers flowing down from the Massif central and the Pyrenees. The Garonne, though, reigned supreme. It contained and constrained a city that was constantly seeking new open spaces. On the outskirts were vegetable farms and orchards, vineyards, wetlands, forests, parks with age-old trees and old rural villages forming a close-knit landscape of earth, water and humanity.